Smart water infrastructure
Water is essential for the functioning of human societies. Yet water infrastructure remains relatively primitive. For example, water utilities lose as much as 30 percent of the water they distribute to leakage. In the developing world, the World Bank estimates that preventing water leakage would produce enough drinking water to serve an additional 180 million people. Advances in sensors and remote Internet access will bring new capabilities to monitor water utilization, leakage, and quality through both the developed and the developing world, increasing access to water.